新概念二课堂笔记-Lesson 61 Trouble with the Hubble 哈勃望远镜的困境 - 新概念二笔记 - 优雅作文网,姚远如意令,CPO,道奇酷威论坛

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新概念二课堂笔记-Lesson 61 Trouble with the Hubble 哈勃望远镜的困境

标签:一下 单词 参考 短语 时间:2014-08-14  来源:新概念二笔记
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导读: 【Newwordsandexpressions】生词和短语★Hubblen哈勃★telescopen望远镜★launchv发射★spacen空间(指宇宙空间)room空间,不可数(aroom为房间,可数)couldyoumakeroomforme?你能为我腾一点空间吗?★billionn10亿★faul...
新概念二课堂笔记-Lesson 61 Trouble with the Hubble 哈勃望远镜的困境

 【New words and expressions】生词和短语

★Hubble n 哈勃 ★telescope n 望远镜 ★launch v 发射 ★space n 空间(指宇宙空间) room 空间, 不可数 (a room 为房间,可数) could you make room for me?你能为我腾一点空间吗? ★billion n 10 亿 ★faulty adj 有错误的 ★astronaut n 宇航员 ★shuttle n 航天飞机 ★Endeavour n “奋进” 号 ★robot-arm n 机器手 robot [5rEubCt, 5rCbEt] n。机器人, 遥控设备, 自动机械, 机械般工作的人 ★grab v 抓 ★atmosphere n 大气层 atmosphere [5AtmEsfiE] n。大气, 空气, 气氛, 氛围 I went to the New Concept english of New Oriental school for its good atmosphere ★distant adj 遥远的 ★galaxy n 星系 ★universe n 宇宙 ★eagle eye n 鹰眼,一种仪器 【Text】 Lesson 61 Trouble with the Hubble 哈勃望远镜的困境 First listen and then answer the question.听录音, 然后回答以下问题. What is the special importance of a telescope in space? The Hubble telescope was launched into space by NASA on April 20, 1990 at a cost of over a billion dollars. Right from the start there was trouble with the Hubble. The pictures it sent us were very disappointing because its main mirror was faulty! NASA is now going to put the telescope right, so it will soon be sending up four astronauts to repair it. The shuttle Endeavour will be takingthe astronauts to the Hubble. A robot-arm from the Endeavour will grab the telescope and hold it while the astronauts make the necessary repairs. Of course, the Hubble is above the earth's atmosphere, so it will soon be sending us the clearest pictures of the stars and distant galaxies that we have ever seen. The Hubble will tell us a great deal about the age and size of the universe. By the time you read this, the Rubble's eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures。 参考译文 哈勃望远镜于 1990 年4 月20 日由国家航空航天局发射升空, 耗资10 多亿美元. 从最开始哈勃望远镜就 有问题。 它传送给我们的图像很令人失望, 因为它的主要镜子有误差。 国家航天局准备纠正这一错误, 为此将把 4 名宇航员送入太空修复望远镜. “奋进” 号航天飞机将把宇航员送上哈勃. 当宇航员进行必要的修复工作时, “奋进” 号上的一只机器手将抓住望远镜并托住它. 当然, 哈勃位于地球的大气层之外, 因此, 它很快就会给我 们传送我们所见到过的、有关行星和远距离星系的最清晰的照片。 哈勃将告诉我们有关宇宙的年龄和大小的许多 事情。 等到你读到这篇文章时, 敏锐的哈勃望远镜已经为我们送来了成千上万张精彩的照片。 【课文讲解】 Trouble with the Hubble 科普性文章 科普性文章结构简单, 句式单一, 单词较难 学会逻辑阅读 at a cost of 花费 Hubble telescope 看作一个整体, 在句中做主语 was launched 动词谓语 单词縮写一般都是组织或者机构 NASA [5nAsE] national Aeronautics and Space Administration (美国)国家航空和宇宙航行局 there was trouble with the Hubble trouble with 关于......有麻烦 what's the trouble with you? 你有什么麻烦? (医生常这样问) start 开始 定语从句省略引导语 主句 : the pictures...were... -ing 令人。。。。。。的 sorry, it's my fault faulty adj 有错误的 be going to 将要 put sth right 把某物放正确 it 指代 NASA send up 往上送 The shuttle Endeavour 主语,可能是交通工具 roblt-arm : 机器人手臂 arm 手臂 hold it 抓住它 repairs 修理 avove 在......上面(悬空的) astronaut n 飞行员, 宇航员 atmosphere distant galaxies stars 星星 a great deal 大量 / a great deal of 大量的 by the time 到那时 everytime 每当 by the time you read this 到你读这篇文章的时候 will have done 将来完成式 thousands and thousands of 成千上万的 Hubble telescope 被人类送上天空的一种仪器 Space 宇宙 launch 送进 disappointing 令人失望 astronaut [5AstrEnC:t] n.太空人, 宇航员 robot-arm 机器人手臂 阅读 1、客服害怕的心理 2、学会理解单词的含义 3、科普性文章的理解题在原文中寻找答案 【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题 Comprehension 理解—要从原文中找答案 1 The Hubble failed to send us satisfactory pictures because _______. a. the cost of sending satisfactory pictures was terrible b. there was a problem with its main mirror c. it was a long time since it was launched into space d. it was high above the earth's atmosphere answer: b 原文 2 The Hubble telescope ______. a. will tell us a great deal about the universe b。 cost a lot but was almost worthless c。 will measure the size of the earth d。 requires constant care from the astronauts answer : a constant [5kCnstEnt] n。[数、物]常数, 恒量 adj。不变的, 持续的, 坚决的 5 A robot-arm will hold the telescope ________the astronauts to repair it. a。 for b。so that c。 so long as d。which answer : a 原文 for sb to do sth 基本结构 so that+句子 so long as+句子 : 表示只要 which + 句子 11 The main mirror of the Hubble _______. a. had problems b. was distant c。 was the clearest d。 requires repairs had problems 有问题 reauires repairs 需要修理 there was a problem with its main mirror。 what's the trouble with you? problem with sth (习惯用法) 如: There was a problem with its main mirror. 1、problem=question 2、problem=trouble 12 The Hubble is _______the earth's atmosphere。 a。 below b。 over c。 within d。 outside answer: d above 在...之上(凌空) above the earth’s atmosphere 在大气层的上方 【Key structures】 关键句型 1、将来完成时 will have done 2、将来进行时will be doing 3、将来完成进行时will have been doing 4、现在完成进行时have been doing 将来完成进行时: 从某一点发生, 一直延续到将来的某一点, 并且将可能延续下去 it has been raining... we will have been learning book 2... 区别:1 一般将来时: 事情在将来发生 2 将来进行时: 等同于一般将来时 3 将来完成时: 强调到将来某一点时间动作的结束 4 将来完成进行时: 强调到将来某一点时间动作可能结束或延续 过去完成进行时 had been doing 过去完成进行时 : 到过去某一点时间为止动作一直在延续 his father had dead... his father had been waiting for his son until he came back。 soon the astronauts will have repaired the telescope. 宇航员很快会把望远镜修好. will have done 到将来某一点时间, 动作完成 by Friday midday, they will have been working on it for seven days. 到星期五中午, 他们就在这个工 程上干了7 天了. work on sth 关于......的工作 到将来某一点时间, 动作延续 【Special Difficulties】难点 Words often confused 经常容易混淆的词 Study these examples:细读以下例子 : a Nouns: Cost, Price, Value The Hubble was launched at a cost of over a billion dollars. 哈勃望远镜发射升空, 耗资10 多亿美元. How much is that blouse? Let's ask the price. 这件衬衣多少钱?让我们来问一下价钱. The stolen items were of sentimental, rather than financial value. 被盗物品更具有情感上的涵义, 而 不是经济上的价值。 b Verbs: Cost, Price, Value。 What does this blouse cost, please? 请问, 这件衬衣多少钱? I want to price the bed linen in a few other shops before I buy any。我想在买床单之前打听几家商店的 价格. I value you advice a great deal. 我非常尊重你的建议. cost / price / value : nouns 名词 & verbs 动词 nouns : price 价格; cost 费用; value 价值 at the cost of 以......的费用 verbs : price sth 打听......的价格, 并比较 cost 花费sth cost money value sth 认为......有价值 value your time 珍惜时间 I value your advice 我尊重你的意见 value sth owned by oneself 敝帚自珍 Exercise 练习 Choose the correct words in the following sentences。选择正确的词。 1 There has been a sharp rise in the(price)(cost)(value) of living. 2 Whenever I buy anything new, my father always asks me the(value)(cost)(price). 3 If you have to work for something you will(value)(price)(cost) it more. 4 That house(valued)(cost)(priced) a fortune to build. 5 Dr。 James's work is of enormous(value)(cost)(price) to the community。 6 Jane has(valued)(cost)(priced) the alternative products and she recommends this one. 7 So far, ten countries have given money towards the(value)(price)(cost) of rebuilding after the earthquake. 1 sharp rise: 大幅上升的 living 生活 the cost of living 生活的费用英语学习资料 2 price 价格 3 value : 表示认为有价值 4 fortune : 一大笔财产 cost 花费 5 enormous adj: 巨大的 community : 社区,社会 value : 价值 of great (enormous)value 有巨大的价值 6 alternative 另外的 recommend : 推荐 price sth. 比较价格 7 towards = to the cost of rebuilding 重建费用 过去完成进行时: had been doing

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